There are many ways to treat infertility, but if patients don’t achieve success with first-line treatment approaches such as medicated cycles or IUI, they may consider more advanced assisted reproductive technologies (ART). The most well-known of these is in vitro fertilization (IVF).

IVF treatment involves retrieving eggs from a woman and fertilizing them with sperm from a man in a lab to create embryos. After closely monitoring development, the embryo(s) are transferred to the uterus (womb) of a woman. If any embryos remain, they can be preserved by freezing.

With + 8 million babies born worldwide through IVF since the first successful procedure in 1978, it is the most common fertility treatment today.


At Vios, we believe every patient deserves compassion and attention to support your emotional and physical needs. Our board certified and fellowship trained reproductive endocrinologists and infertility specialists provide complete care throughout your infertility treatment journey. We pride ourselves in providing an unparalleled patient experience, including responsive, clear answers to any questions you have along the way.

Vios Fertility Institute provides each of our patients a personalized experience coupled with our innovative, evidence-based, cutting-edge treatment options. We have integrated technologies throughout the entire treatment journey to optimize your chances of success, from enhancing patient education to using diagnostic and predictive tools and automation in cryostorage and monitoring. With these advantages, in addition to our dedicated team of fertility specialists, we will work to help you achieve your family building goals.

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At Vios, we understand that success rates are unique to each patient. While IVF success rates are often higher than other fertility treatment options (as high as 40-60% in the U.S.), your personal success depends on many individual and environmental factors, such as your cause of infertility, age, genetic testing results, and even where you’re having the procedure done. 

Vios Fertility Institute’s innovative IVF laboratory technologies allow us to ensure the best possible conditions and provide every patient with the highest chances of success. Our fertility specialists will work with you to evaluate all treatment options based on your medical history, diagnosis, and personal reproductive goals and then collaborate with you to choose the best path for treatment.

Although we are always positive about your chances, we also provide you with a realistic fertility plan and keep you informed every step of the way.


We know that the experiences of individuals who’ve shared similar struggles and ultimately found success can bring hope to those trying to conceive. At Vios, conception is our life and we are grateful to have the opportunity to help our patients successfully build their families. 

“With my husband and I both having infertility issues, we knew IVF would be our only option to have a child. Without the support and guidance of Dr. Cooper and Dr. Purdy, who did the wonderful transfer, we wouldn’t have our precious daughter to love on every day. Thank you for everything you did for us to help us complete our journey.” – Abby

“When we thought all was lost with so many failed attempts, Dr. Julie Rhee gave me a big hug, and then we got to work. She helped me see that donor eggs was the right and best choice for our family. Next thing we knew, we were introducing Dr. Rhee to our little guy at the end of my maternity leave. Infertility is an emotional, physical, and financial roller coaster. We were so lucky to have Vios behind us the whole way.” – Amanda

“After a year of TTC [trying to conceive] we were shocked to get a diagnosis of male factor infertility. Thanks to Dr. Pagani at Vios in Chicago, we were able to get what we needed for IVF, and with the help of the Milwaukee team, we welcomed our baby in December 2019! Can’t wait to try again with our frosties!” – Lindsey


An IVF cycle usually takes 2 – 3 months, following testing and medical evaluation.

1. Ovarian Stimulation & Trigger Shot

Because a woman’s natural monthly cycle typically produces a single egg, patients usually begin an IVF cycle by receiving medication to stimulate the ovaries in order to increase the number of eggs that reach maturation. Regular monitoring (blood tests and ultrasound) is essential to track follicle growth and egg development at this stage. 

Ovarian stimulation concludes with a hormone injection (or trigger shot) to initiate the final stage of egg maturation and prepare the eggs to release from the follicle.

2. Egg Retrieval

The next step is egg retrieval (usually ~36 hours after the trigger shot). During this 15-minute procedure, eggs are collected from the follicles. The number of eggs retrieved depends on multiple factors, including the patient’s age, ovarian reserve, and response to ovarian stimulation. During egg retrieval, the patient is placed under sedation for comfort. 

3. Egg Fertilization & Embryo Development

Fresh or frozen sperm can be used to fertilize (or inseminate) the eggs in the lab in one of two ways:

  • Conventional: Many sperm are placed in a petri dish with the egg, allowing for fertilization.
  • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI):  A sperm is injected directly into each egg to fertilize it.

Beginning with fertilization, our expert embryologists at Vios closely monitor embryo development. For various reasons, some fertilized eggs may not develop into healthy embryos. Our embryologists will evaluate embryo development using advanced technologies at the Vios IVF laboratory to select the most viable embryo(s) for transfer.

For patients who opt for genetic testing, embryos are sampled and cryopreserved at this time. Other embryos can be thawed for a future transfer. Our Vios fertility specialists will proactively schedule either a transfer or a follow-up appointment to review next steps.

4. Embryo Transfer

After our embryologists identify the embryo(s) with the best chances for success, these are placed inside the uterus in a second procedure called an embryo transfer. This is a quick, 2-minute process. Most patients experience only minor discomfort and anesthesia is not required. Depending on the patient’s age and quality of available embryos, it is usually recommended to transfer one embryo in order to improve the chances of a healthy singleton baby.

5. Freezing Remaining Embryos

Remaining embryos can be frozen (cryopreserved), using a flash-freezing process called vitrification. Because this critical procedure enables future opportunities for pregnancy, Vios offers patients innovative cryopreservation techniques to enable higher embryo survival rates.  

6. Pregnancy Test and Next Steps

 About two weeks after embryo transfer, patients receive a blood pregnancy test at one of our clinics. At Vios, we always proactively schedule a follow-up appointment to review your results. For patients who do not become pregnant, we will carefully review your IVF cycle with you and discuss potential changes and next steps.

IVF Cycle Alternatives

Our Vios team works with each individual to customize care to help you achieve your family building goals, including religious and cultural adaptations to the standard IVF cycle process. These may include the use of InvoCell, frozen embryo transfer, or oocyte donation.


The cost of IVF can vary greatly depending on the number of IVF cycles, medications used, your insurance coverage, and even where you live. At Vios, we believe everyone should have the opportunity to start a family. 

If you are struggling to conceive, we know the last thing you need to worry about is money. That’s why Vios offers a variety of affordable care programs to make testing, treatment, and family planning more affordable. Our financial and insurance counselors are trained to help you maximize your benefits and exhaust any additional financial support options. We will help you make informed decisions, so you can worry less about cost and focus on your future family.

Explore some of your payment options in our interactive calculator here.

Contact us to learn more about treatment options or schedule your consultation today.