What is infertility? The definition depends on the age of the female partner. Infertility is defined as being unable to achieve pregnancy after one year if a woman is under 35 years of age, and after six months if a woman is over 35 years of age. One in eight couples have experienced trouble getting pregnant or carrying a pregnancy to term.
Approximately 7.4 million women in the U.S. experience infertility, with 286,681 in Illinois and 128,259 in Missouri. While published statistics tend to focus on the woman, it is important to note that infertility diagnoses are split evenly between men and women. The bottom line – if you are experiencing infertility, you are not alone. There are an abundance of opportunities, resources, and support that is available to you.
When should I see a specialist?
Couples may be disappointed when they aren’t pregnant after a few months of trying, but they shouldn’t be. It takes the average couple at least six months to become pregnant. Before seeing a specialist, we recommend that couples try on their own first. For couples where the woman is under 35, try for one year. In couples where the women is over 35, try for six months. Learn more about getting started as a Vios Fertility Institute patient.
Human beings are the most inefficient mammals when it comes to reproduction. In any given month, a perfectly healthy couple (good eggs and sperm, a healthy uterus and open fallopian tubes) only has a 15-18% chance of conceiving.
In certain circumstances, it is best for couples to meet with a specialist immediately. If any of the below items apply, schedule a consultation to learn more about your chances of conceiving naturally and available treatment options, if needed.
- Irregular or absent periods
- Prior surgical history on the tubes, ovaries or uterus
- Prior surgical history on the testes
- Issues with erection or ejaculation
- Family history of genetic disease
- Male partner is undergoing testosterone treatment
- Prior fibroid diagnosis
- Repeated pregnancy loss or miscarriage
- A vasectomy or tubal ligation has been performed
Visit our fertility education blog to learn more about infertility, its causes, and steps you can take to achieve pregnancy.